Tube End Forming

Tube Flanging

Flanging eliminates the need for welding, since the flange is mounted loosely behind the formed end configuration!


  • Cut workshop costs by eliminating the need for welding and X-raying.
  • Reduce the need for working capital: no welding neck flange inventory or complex welding and X-raying equipment is required
  • Loose flanges save installation time by eliminating difficult bolt-hole positioning.
  • Provide precise results and constant high quality: no risk of weld or braze fractures
  • Capable of cold and hot forming both long and bent pipes with either smooth or grooved flanged surfaces.
  • Programmability makes them very easy to operate and practically maintenance-free.

T-DRILL Flanging Machines form a lip or flange directly on the end of the pipe allowing the use of loose flanges. This process saves up to 40 % of the time compared to traditional weld neck flange connections. The flange – also called the Van Stone and loose flange – is achieved by roll forming a flange on the end of the pipe spool. The flange can have a smooth or grooved face, depending on the forming (rolling) tool used.

A loose commercial flange backs up the formed pipe end; when the connection is made, a gasket is sandwiched between the two formed flanges, held together by the bolted commercial flanges. Since the flanges are loose, they eliminate welding and allow free rotation for alignment and bolt-up, providing so a significant cost reduction.


Cold flanging is used for stainless steel, mild steel and copper alloys. The wall thickness of the pipe can be from 1,5 mm up to 5–6 mm depending on pipe material and diameter. In case stress relieving is needed, the machine can be equipped with optional heating unit which can be used for heat treatment after flange has been formed.

Hot flanging is used for carbon steels in case the wall thickness exceeds the cold forming limit or if heat treatment is found necessary. The pipe end is heated to about 900 – 950 ºC, in order to reduce the force required for the flanging. No further heat treatment after flanging is then necessary. The heating is done automatically by optional gas burner which can be integrated to the machine. The wall thickness of the pipe can be from 3 up to 8,8 mm depending on pipe diameter.

Preheated flange forming can be used for stainless steels. Before flanging the pipe end is preheated to 200 – 300º C, which prevents work-hardening of the material during flanging. Preheating may be done by means of a heating unit which can be integrated to the machine or by heating the pipe by another method before flanging operation. The wall thickness of the pipe can be from 1,5 up to 5 mm.


COMPARISON: Welded Fittings vs T-DRILL Collaring & Flanging

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Tube End Spinning

Tube end spinning tubes

  • Economical: Reduces the costs of fittings and brazing materials
  • Simple: No need or inventory of expensive fitting pieces
  • Fast: Reduces the working time
  • Quality: Improves product integrity by eliminating leak points

T-DRILL Tube End Spinners are designed to accept the requirements of a wide range of applications – including the end forming of exceptionally long or complicated tubes common in e.g. ACR, solar panels and mechanical contracting industries.

The T-DRILL Spinning Machines are fully automatic and suitable for closing, reducing and expanding of copper and brass tubes. The form of the closing can be elliptical (short closing) or spherical (round closing). Reductions and Expansions are also possible up to certain sizes.

The principle is as follows: After the tube has been clamped, a rotating die will be fed automatically against the tube end. The friction of the rotating die heats up the end of the stationary tube, forming it rapidly to the shape of the die.



Most commonly used in:

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